Will Medicare Cover My Labiaplasty?

Labiaplasty Coverage under Medicare

Navigating the healthcare landscape can sometimes be a complex endeavour, especially when it involves understanding the nuances of coverage for specific surgical procedures. One such procedure that has been a topic of discussion is Labiaplasty, a surgery involving the labia minora and/or the labia majora. As you consider this path, a vital question arises: “Will Medicare cover my Labiaplasty?”

Specialist Plastic Surgeon Dr Carmen’s team can guide you in understanding if you are eligible for Medicare rebate for your labiaplasty procedure.

Download Dr Carmen’s Guide to Labiaplasty Surgery

Guide Labiaplasty


What is Labiaplasty?

In recent years, Labiaplasty has been progressively gaining traction as a sought-after surgical procedure, not just in Australia but globally.

Understanding the different surgical techniques that might be used during a Labiaplasty can provide you with a firm grounding before you decide to proceed with this kind of surgery. Let’s explore the surgical methods that are commonly employed.

  • Wedge technique: This method maintains the natural border while removing a wedge-shaped piece of tissue
  • Edge resection: The most traditional method that involves directly trimming the labial tissue
  • Laser labiaplasty: Utilises laser to cut and coagulate tissues, offering a precise method of surgery

Reasons Women Opt for Labiaplasty

There are numerous reasons why women decide to undergo a Labiaplasty. Some might be experiencing physical discomfort while others could be looking for a change in appearance.

  • Medical Reasons for Undergoing the Procedure: Many opt for this procedure to alleviate physical discomfort experienced during daily activities or exercise. It can also address pain during sexual intercourse, providing relief from discomfort
  • Cosmetic Motivations: Cosmetic motivations, alongside medical reasons, hold significant sway when choosing Labiaplasty. These can encompass personal aesthetic preferences such as desiring to modify the labia’s size or shape to achieve a particular look, seeking symmetry for a harmonious appearance, or pursuing greater comfort in tight clothing

Medicare Coverage in Australia

Before we assess whether Labiaplasty is covered by Medicare in Australia, it is essential to understand what Medicare is and the services it generally encompasses.

In the landscape of Australian healthcare, Medicare stands as a pillar, providing coverage for a wide array of services and ensuring citizens can access the necessary healthcare without bearing a hefty price tag. Here, we unfold the specifics of the services usually covered by Medicare, its role in facilitating surgeries, and ways to ascertain if a particular service falls under the Medicare umbrella.

Common Services Covered

Medicare is designed to lighten the financial load of healthcare expenses by covering a significant range of services, which include but are not limited to:

  • Surgeon consultations: Regular visits to your GP for consultations are generally covered
  • Tests and examinations: Necessary diagnostic tests and examinations ordered by your surgeon are typically covered
  • Hospital services: When you are admitted to a hospital, a wide array of services and treatments are covered, easing the financial burden on patients
  • Public patient in a public hospital: Being treated as a public patient in a public hospital comes under the Medicare coverage

How to Determine if a Service is Covered by Medicare

To navigate whether a specific service is covered under Medicare, you can undertake the following steps:

  • Check the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS): The MBS is a comprehensive list that details the services covered by Medicare, accessible both online and through your surgeon
  • Medicare mobile app: Download the official Medicare mobile app where you can readily find information about the coverage of various services

Is Labiaplasty Covered By Medicare?

You might be wondering, “Will my Labiaplasty be covered by Medicare?” The answer isn’t straightforward; it is a “maybe.” Medicare in Australia does provide rebates for Labiaplasty procedures, but it is contingent on several special criteria and conditions.

Medicare Criteria for Labiaplasty Rebates in Australia

Medicare stipulates that individuals who meet the specific conditions associated with item numbers 35533 and 35534 are eligible for rebates on Labiaplasty procedures in Australia. To grasp this better, we dissect the details linked with each item number:

Medicare Item Number 35533

  • Eligibility: Vulvoplasty or labiaplasty aimed at rectifying mutilation or anomalies. The criteria stretch over two distinct situations:
  • Female genital mutilation (FGM): This refers to non-medical procedures that alter or injure a female’s genitalia. It’s essential to meet this criterion clearly to claim the rebate
  • Urogynaecological congenital anomaly: The congenital anomaly should be major, barring those associated with certain other services mentioned in the item number details

Medicare Item Number 35534

  • Eligibility: This applies to individuals aged 18 or over facing structural abnormalities causing significant functional impairments
  • Specialist consultation: The procedure must be performed by a specialist in their field to address a structural abnormality that substantially interferes with functionality
  • Specific condition: The individual’s labium must extend more than 8 cm below the vaginal introitus in a standing resting position to be considered for this

Making Sense of the Medical Terms

To help you navigate this process more smoothly, we will break down the more technical terms used in the criteria:

  • Female Genital Mutilation (FGM): Essentially, it’s a procedure where a woman’s or a girl’s genitalia is altered or injured, not for medical reasons but due to other influences, possibly cultural or traditional
  • Congenital Abnormality: These are body structure or functional abnormalities present from birth, originating from prenatal factors; essentially, they are birth defects
  • Vaginal Introitus: This term refers to the opening leading to the vagina, which is a muscular canal stretching to the cervix, or the opening to the uterus
  • Significant Functional Impairment: Here we are talking about the serious limitations individuals face in daily activities due to an illness or condition. It refers to the inability to carry out certain functions typically managed in daily life

Understanding these terms and criteria will give you a clearer pathway to determining your eligibility for a Labiaplasty Medicare rebate in Australia. It is always recommended to consult with your plastic surgeon to discuss your individual circumstances and get guided assistance on the same.

Potential Costs Associated with Labiaplasty

It is important to understand the array of costs that could possibly come into play while planning for a Labiaplasty.

Surgery fees

  • Specialist’s charges: Different plastic surgeons might charge differently based on their experience and expertise
  • Facility fees: These are the fees charged by the hospital or the clinic where the procedure is performed
  • Anaesthesia: Depending on the procedure, you might be charged for the anaesthetics used

Pre-surgery expenses

  • Consultations: Prior to the surgery, you will need to have several consultations which can add to the cost
  • Medical tests: You might be required to undergo certain medical tests before the surgery

Post-surgery expenses

  • Medications: Post-surgery, you would need to buy medications that would aid in your recovery
  • Follow-up visits: After the surgery, there would be routine check-ups to monitor your recovery process

Managing the Costs

Now, let’s move on to how to manage these costs effectively. A proactive approach can save you from facing financial strains later on. Here are some strategies:


  • Medicare: Check whether the Medicare rebates we discussed in the previous sections apply to your case
  • Private health insurance: If you have private health insurance, inquire about the extent of coverage they offer for this procedure

Payment plans

  • Clinic payment plans: Some clinics offer payment plans that allow you to pay the surgery fees in instalments
  • Personal savings: You might consider using your personal savings to cover the expenses

FAQs about Medicare for Labiaplasty

FAQs Dr Carmen

What are the Medicare item numbers associated with Labiaplasty?

  • There are specific item numbers that Medicare has designated for Labiaplasty procedures. The ones you need to keep an eye out for are 35533 and 35534. These codes pertain to different conditions and circumstances where the procedure is deemed medically necessary, involving instances of repair due to mutilation or anomaly, and structural abnormalities causing significant functional impairment.

What kind of documentation is required to avail Medicare rebates for Labiaplasty?

  • To be eligible for Medicare rebates, you will need to provide substantial documentation that may include medical reports highlighting the medical necessity of the procedure. It is generally required to have a detailed medical history and a documented recommendation from your plastic surgeon. The exact requirements can vary; hence it’s always beneficial to consult with your plastic surgeon.

How do I find a trustworthy healthcare provider to discuss my eligibility for Labiaplasty under Medicare?

  • Finding a trustworthy healthcare provider is a vital step in your journey. You might want to start with seeking recommendations from friends or family who have undergone similar procedures. Additionally, you can ask your GP for recommendations. Always ensure to check the qualifications and experience of the plastic surgeon before settling on one.

Are there circumstances where Medicare will not cover Labiaplasty?

  • Yes, Medicare generally does not cover procedures which are sought purely for cosmetic reasons. The procedure needs to be medically necessary, meaning it is required to address a serious medical concern or significantly improve the individual’s quality of life. This is why it’s imperative to have a detailed consultation with your plastic surgeon to understand whether your reasons align with the Medicare’s criteria for coverage.

How can I prepare for a medical consultation regarding Labiaplasty?

  • Preparing for a medical consultation is an important step. Firstly, gather all your medical history and any documentation that can support your case. Be ready to discuss your concerns openly and honestly with your plastic surgeon. It could also be beneficial to note down any questions or concerns you have beforehand, to ensure that you cover all the ground during your consultation. Remember, you need a referral from your GP to see a plastic surgeon for labiaplasty surgery if you want to be eligible for Medicare rebate.

Further Reading about Body Procedures with Dr Carmen

Medical References about Labiaplasty Surgery

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Dr Carmen Munteanu – Specialist Plastic Surgeon

She is one of Melbourne’s most experienced and sought-after female Plastic Surgeons who offers aesthetic breast surgery and body contouring. That includes Breast Reduction, Breast Lift, Breast Implant Surgery and Body Surgery.

With over 25 years of surgical experience in Plastic Surgery, Dr Carmen firmly believes that a good surgeon is first a good doctor. She will always take into consideration all the health aspects and personal circumstances of each patient.

A dedicated Specialist Plastic and Cosmetic Surgeon, Dr Carmen is renowned for providing exceptional care, support and helping achieve realistic goals for her patients.

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What to do next

Conduct Research:

Get a Medical Referral before your consultation with Dr Carmen

  • A GP referral is now essential to see Dr Carmen for any type of surgery.

Making The Most Of Your Consultation

  • Please arrive slightly early for your in-person consultation with Dr Carmen – Car parking is available on-site in Mitcham.
  • You are welcome to bring a friend or relative to help consider the information and discuss your options.
  • Please be aware you may need to undress for a physical exam so wear simple clothes.
  • Photos will be taken as part of your consultation, please try and wear black underwear.
  • Ensure you also take a lot of notes during the consultation and thoroughly examine all the documents provided.

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How to Book your Consultation with Dr Carmen

  • You can book your consultation with Dr Carmen Munteanu by paying the $300 cosmetic consultation fee in advance – when you make your appointment.

‘Your Goal is my Priority’
– Dr Carmen Munteanu

M.D. FRACS(Plas) Plastic, Reconstructive and Cosmetic Surgeon

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Call 1300 652 468 to arrange your consultation or email us for more information. We look forward to hearing from you soon!

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